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Research shows that teaching Phonics in a structured and systematic way is the most effective way of teaching young children to read.  Almost all children who receive good teaching of Phonics will learn the skills they need to decifer new and unfamiliar words. At Edenbridge  Primary School Phonics in the Early Years is taught on a daily basis and follows the Letters and Sounds programme. Children are taught the skills for segmenting and blending words and are introduced to new phonemes as part of a systematic synthetic approach. The teaching of Phonics continues in Years 1 and 2 as children are introduced to alternative graphemes, lesser known sounds and begin to learn some of the more complicated spelling rules.

At the end of Year 1 children are required to sit the Phonics Screening Check to assess their ability to segment and blend words. Children are presented with 40 words – a mixture of real and pseudo words and they are expected to apply their Phonics knowledge to read the words. If children are unsuccessful in Year 1 they have the opportunity to retake the test in Year 2. Intervention groups are set up for those children struggling with their Phonics learning and this additional support will continue in Key Stage 2 if necessary.


Foundation and Key Stage 1 classes enjoy and participate in story time sessions reguarly.  Teachers in Key Stage 2 regularly share a range of narrative and non-narrative texts with the whole class.

Each class has a book corner.  As part of home reading, children should be selecting and reading a book appropriate to their level 3 times a week.  We encourage parents/carers to hear their child read unless they are at a level where the pupils can assess their own reading.  Feedback on home reading is made by parents/carers or pupils within the Home Reading Records.

Guided reading sessions take place for 20-30 minutes each day.  Pupils read with the teacher in a guided group session once a week.  The group will be given a follow up activity linked to the guided group text during the next couple of days.  Other activities the groups will take part in during a week include; silent, independent reading, phonics and comprehension.  Children who require additional support with reading normally receive more regular opportunities with another adult.


Spelling, Punctuation and Grammar

A good spelling programme gradually builds pupils’ spelling vocabulary therefore, when children enter Key Stage 2 they will have discreet ‘Support for Spelling’ lessons three times a week. During these lessons children begin to understand the principles underpinning word construction, recognise how to apply these principles in their writing and develop the skills for proof reading. In Year 6 children are required to take a 'Spelling, Punctuation and Grammar’ test. We endeavour to prepare children for this test as early as possible and therefore make spelling and grammar a key priority in all curriculum areas.


Writing is taught through high quality texts. Each year, teachers select reading material, either fiction or non-fiction, to develop children's writing skills. Throughout the week, five English lessons are taught whereby skills for a particular genre are developed with lesson five resulting in a piece of creative writing. 


Progression and Assessment

Throughout each school year, skills in reading and writing are developed and built on. We endeavour to ensure that children's knowledge progresses year on year  and we assess this through regular target setting and half termly assessments. To assess writing we use The Pionner Academy writing criteria which uses elements of the Ros Wilson writing criterion along with statements from the National Curriculum. To assess reading we carry out half termly assessments using Rising Stars Optional Tests. 

Helpful Websites

Jolly phonics video here: https://youtu.be/1Qpn2839Kro

Decodable Phonics comics: Phonics Play

eBooks: Collins for full access log in using the following details:

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Free on line library: Oxford Owl

Free e-books for ages 3-11: Digital Library

A range of online books for children: Barnes and Noble

Free e-books: Magic Keys